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Israeli rule ‘key cause’ of Palestinian hardship — UN

By AFP - May 31,2017 - Last updated at May 31,2017

A photo taken from East Jerusalem on Wednesday shows a view of Israel’s separation barrier dividing occupied Jerusalem from the West Bank city of Abu Dis, and in the distance the Jordanian capital, Amman (AFP photo)

OCCUPIED JERUSALEM — Fifty years after Israel occupied the Palestinian territories, its policies in the West Bank and Gaza are at the root of Palestinian hardship, the United Nations said on Wednesday.

“Occupation policies and practices remain the key cause of humanitarian needs in the occupied Palestinian territories,” the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a report. 

West Bank and Gaza residents suffer from a lack of basic security, it said, adding that the split between President Mahmoud Abbas’ West Bank-based administration and the rival Islamist movement Hamas in Gaza also restricts humanitarian work.

“At its heart, the crisis is one of a lack of protection for Palestinian civilians — from violence, from displacement, from restrictions on access to services and livelihoods, and from other rights violations.”

Israel occupied the West Bank and the Gaza Strip during the 1967 War. Repeated efforts to negotiate a solution to the conflict and establish an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel have stalled.

OCHA’s 15-page Humanitarian Overview for 2016 notes a sharp fall in bloodshed over the year compared to 2015.

“Palestinian fatalities from conflict-related violence in the occupied Palestinian territories and Israel declined by 37 per cent compared with 2015,” it said.

“The decline in Israeli fatalities was 48 per cent.”

 However, Israeli demolitions of Palestinian homes in the West Bank, including annexed East Jerusalem, had peaked, it said.

“In the West Bank, more Palestinians were displaced in 2016 [1,601, including 759 children] due to demolitions of their homes by the Israeli authorities than in any year since OCHA began recording the phenomenon in 2009,” it said.

In the Gaza Strip, where unemployment is among the highest in the world, a strict Israeli blockade has been in force for over a decade.

“Israeli restrictions on the entry of national staff of aid organisations to and from Gaza intensified in 2016, with 31 per cent of permit applications to enter or exit Gaza denied,” OCHA said.

That is up from an average of 4 per cent in 2015, it added.

 

It said humanitarian operations in Gaza were impeded by restrictions imposed by the Hamas authorities, donors blocking contact with them, the ongoing closure of the Rafah crossing with Egypt and the internal Palestinian divide.

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